ACT Instructor Terri shows you how to use commas correctly with the introductory clause and phrase.

ACT English Test: Comma Usage – Introductory Clause/Phrase

Here’s a rule:

A comma is used to mark the end of an introductory clause or phrase, and the comma must be followed by a complete sentence.

Just remember that a clause has a subject and a verb, and it often begins with’ although,’ ‘when,’ ‘while,’ ‘since,’ ‘if,’ and ‘because.’ Yes, a sentence can begin with the word ‘because.’

Here’s a tip for you. This is tested frequently on the English test ACT: When you select the best answer choice, the subject of the sentence must be mentioned immediately after the comma in order for it to make sense. Saying it a different way, the phrase preceding the comma must refer to the first noun following the phrase.

Now, you know more about using commas correctly with introductory clauses and phrases. This will help you on the ACT English test and also with all of your writing, including the ACT essay.

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